Will And Would
Will And Would
The modal verb will is used with a main verb, or an auxiliary verb to express the future tense. It is also used to show ideas such as willingness, request, probability, etc.
- He saw the hit-and-run accident and will volunteer as a witness. (Willingness)
- Will you take my dog out for a walk? (Request)
- Will you not talk to me while I am watching television! (Order/command)
- She will grumble about her husband each time she visits her mother. (Habitual behavior)
- For our lunch, I will (I’ll) take you to that new restaurant. (Intention)
- He will keep interrupting. (Annoyance)
- I will (I’ll) look after your tortoises while you’re away. (Promise)
- She will be very angry if you call her by her nickname. (Probability/Expectation)
Besides being used to show a future action, will indicates a determination to perform the action.
- All of us will be there as usual.
- They will find their way without a map.
- We will walk all the way there.
Will is used in the second and third persons (you, he, she, it, they) in asking questions.
- Will you bring enough money for our dinner?
- Will you buy that black cat for good luck?
- Will we walk or cycle all the way along that path?
The negative and contraction forms of will are won’t.
Will is usually contracted to ’ll when used with a subject pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it).
- It will bark if someone passes by.
- (The contraction form is not used when something is emphasized.)
- Without emphasis: I won’t do it.
- With emphasis: I will not do it.
We use would as a past tense of will or to express an idea such as a habitual behaviour, possibility, probability, etc.
- Before he left her, he would always tell her he would never leave her. (Past tense of will)
- He would sing in the shower. (Habitual behavior)
- I think the world would be struck by a meteorite one day. (Possibility)
- From his husky voice, that would be Mike at the door. (Probability)
- I wouldn’t attempt to escape from the prison if I were you. (Advice)
- Would you like me to give you a lift? (Request/Offer)
- I would be glad to go along. (Willingness)
- You would enjoy your stay here. (Prediction)
- What would you do in this situation? (Polite question/Request opinion)
- His behavior is not what she would expect from a gentleman. (Opinion)
- I think you would command more respect if you talk less. (Condition)
- I would love to own a horse like that. (Desire)
- Would that (= if only) grandpa were still with us now. (Wish)
- She would not (wouldn’t) say yes, no or maybe. (Negative statement)