Gerund Phrase

By | April 13, 2019

Gerund Phrase

Gerund Phrase

Gerund Phrase

A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement in a sentence. English Grammar Material


A gerund phrase can act as:

  • Subject: Riding a camel looks easy to me.

(Riding a camel is a gerund phrase acting as a subject in the sentence.)

  • Direct object: He enjoys milking the farmer’s cows.

(Milking the farmer’s cows is a gerund phrase acting as a direct object in the sentence.)

  • Indirect object: She likes baking cakes for her children.

(Baking cakes is a gerund phrase acting as an indirect object in the sentence.)

  • Object of preposition: He’s thinking of running a seafood restaurant.

(Running a seafood restaurant is a gerund phrase acting as on object of the preposition of in the sentence.)

  • Subject complement: Mike’s only pastime is cycling along the coastal road.

(Cycling along the coastal road is a gerund phrase acting as a subject complement in the sentence.)

Examples of Gerund Phrases

Examples 1:

Running for president is a serious ambition.

This gerund phrase is the subject of the sentence; it is what the sentence is about.

Examples 2:

Eating small meals throughout the day can help you avoid hunger pains.

This gerund phrase is also the subject of the sentence.

Examples 3:

A serious danger to motorists is driving under the influence.

The gerund phrase here is a complement to the subject (danger); it re-states what the subject is, and adds information. (See part IV for more information on complements.)

Examples 4:
I like fishing with lures.
Here we have a gerund phrase working as a direct object. It is the thing receiving the action of the verb ‘like’.  (See section 4 for more information on objects.)

4. Appositive Phrase  // 3. Adverbial Phrase