Lesson 21 – Phrases

By | April 16, 2019

Lesson 21 – Phrases

Lesson 21 – Phrases

Lesson 21 - Phrases

A phrase is a group of words that functions as a single unit without a subject or a verb. Unlike a clause which contains a subject and a verb and conveys a complete idea, a phrase forms part of a clause or a sentence as it does not have a complete thought to stand on its own as an independent unit.

There are different types of phrases:

  1. Absolute Phrase

  2. Adjective Phrase

  3. Adverbial Phrase

  4. Appositive Phrase

  5. Gerund Phrase

  6. Infinitive Phrase

  7. Participial Phrase

  8. Prepositional Phrase

Noun phrase

A noun phrase is built around a single noun, for example:

A vase of roses stood on the table.

She was reading a book about the emancipation of women.

Verb phrase

A verb phrase is the verbal part of a clause, for example:

She had been living in London.

I will be going to college next year.

Adjective phrase

An adjective phrase is built around an adjective, for example:

He’s led a very interesting life.

A lot of the kids are really keen on football.

Adverbial phrase

An adverbial phrase is built round an adverb by adding words before and/or after it, for example:

The economy recovered very slowly.

They wanted to leave the country as fast as possible.

Prepositional phrase

In a prepositional phrase the preposition always comes at the beginning, for example:

I longed to live near the sea.

The dog was hiding under the kitchen table.

Of course, we also use the word phrase to refer to a short group of words that have a particular meaning when they are used together, such as rain cats and dogs, play for time, or a square meal. This type of phrase is often referred to as an idiom.