Once we change direct to oblique speech, we often change the tense of the verbs from the current kinds to the previous types. The pronouns are affected too.
Tenses of the verbs from the current types to the previous varieties.
She informed me that she was homesick.
“I’m having fun with myself.”
He informed us he was having fun with himself.
“I’ve taken many pictures.”
She mentioned that she had taken many pictures.
Current excellent steady.
Previous excellent steady
“I’ve been having a beautiful time.”
He stated that he had been having an exquisite time.
“I ate the entire piece.”
He mentioned that he had eaten the entire piece.
Previous good steady
“I used to be dreaming about you.”
She advised him she had been dreaming about him.
Future prior to now
“I shall always remember you.”
He advised me that he would always remember me.
Direct speech – first/second individual
Oblique speech – third particular person
“I’ve minimized my finger.”
He stated that he had lower his finger.
“It’s important to prepare to go away.”
He instructed them that they needed to prepare to go away.
Typically, the direct speech that we need to report is available in a couple of sentences.
Direct: “Do not struggle along with your sister,” my mom mentioned. “Get on along with your college homework.”
Oblique: My mom informed me to not struggle with my sister and to get on with my college homework.
Direct: “Be quiet! I am watching tv.”
Oblique: She advised us to be quiet whereas she was watching tv.”
Normally, when the reporting verb is within the current or future tense, we don’t change the tenses of the verbs within the oblique speech.
Direct: “I am drained,” she says nearly each night. (Easy current)Oblique: Virtually each night, she says (that) she is drained.
Direct: “They’re late once more.” she has informed us. (Current good)
Oblique: She has informed us (that) they’re late once more.
Direct: I’ll inform him, “The store closes at 5.30.” (Easy future)Oblique: I’ll inform him (that) the store closes at 5.30.
If indirect speech, an announcement is at all times true or a motion remains to be persevering with, we
don’t change the tense when changing it into oblique speech, as a change of tense would possibly give the incorrect that means.
Direct: He instructed us. “The Earth is spherical.”
Oblique: He instructed us that the Earth is spherical.
Direct: She stated, “My brother resides in Australia.
Oblique: She mentioned that her brother resides in Australia. (She stated that her brother was dwelling in Australia would point out that her brother is now not dwelling in Australia which isn’t true.)