Prepositions of Place
Prepositions of Place
Recently Prepositions of place indicate where something is or where something happens (across, in, inside, on, outside, under).
The newly built bridge across the river has just collapsed.
His alarm clock went off twice and he is still snoring in bed.
There was something like a snake or a rope inside the dark cage.
There was a big fly on the bull’s nose.
I fell asleep while waiting outside the clinic for my turn.
Prepositions of place also tell us the position of something in relation to another with such words as behind, beside, between, in front, and near.
Behind his farmhouse was a large scary scarecrow.
I sat beside a snoring woman in the cinema.
There is an awkward gap between her two front teeth.
Someone parked a tractor in front of our house.
Please don’t come near me; I have a bad cold.
|above||higher than sth.||The picture hangs above my bed.|
|across||from one side to the other side||You mustn’t go across this road here.|
|There isn’t a bridge across the river.|
|after||one follows the other||The cat ran after the dog.|
|against||directed towards sth.||The bird flew against the window.|
|along||in a line; from one point to another||They’re walking along the beach.|
|among||in a group||I like being among people.|
|around||in a circular way||We’re sitting around the campfire.|
|at*||position at a point||I arrived at the meeting.|
|behind||at the back of||Our house is behind the supermarket.|
|below||lower than sth.||Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.|
|beside||next to||Our house is beside the supermarket.|
|between||sth./sb. is on each side||Our house is between the supermarket and the school.|
|by||near||He lives in the house by the river.|
|close to||near||Our house is close to the supermarket.|
|down||from high to low||He came down the hill.|
|from||the place where it starts||Do you come from Tokyo?|
|in front of||the part that is in the direction it faces||Our house is in front of the supermarket.|
|inside||opposite of outside||You shouldn’t stay inside the castle.|
|in*||place seen in three dimensions||We slept in the car.|
|larger areas||I was born in England.|
|into||entering sth.||You shouldn’t go into the castle.|
|near||close to||Our house is near the supermarket.|
|next to||beside||Our house is next to the supermarket.|
|off||away from sth.||The cat jumped off the roof.|
|on*||touches a surface||There is a fly on the table.|
|is seen as a point on a line||We were on the way from Paris to Rome.|
|by a lake or sea||London lies on the Thames.|
|onto||moving to a place||The cat jumped onto the roof.|
|opposite||on the other side||Our house is opposite the supermarket.|
|out of||leaving sth.||The cat jumped out of the window.|
|outside||opposite of inside||Can you wait outside?|
|over||above sth./sb.||The cat jumped over the wall.|
|past||going near sth./sb.||Go past the post office.|
|round||in a circle||We’re sitting round the campfire.|
|through||going from one point to the other point||You shouldn’t walk through the forest.|
|to||towards sth./sb.||I like going to Australia.|
|Can you come to me?|
|I’ve never been to Africa.|
|towards||in the direction of sth.||We ran towards the castle.|
|under||below sth.||The cat is under the table.|
|up||from low to high||He went up the hill.|
Prepositions of place can be difficult – here’s some help about using ‘at’, ‘in’ and ‘on’ when you’re talking about where things are.
If something is contained inside a box or a wide flat area, we use ‘in’:
in the newspaper
in a house
in a cup
in a drawer
in a bottle
in a bag
in a car
in a book
in a pub
in a field
in the sea
in my stomach
in a river
If something is on a line or a horizontal or vertical surface, we use ‘on’:
on the table
on the wall
on the floor
on the window
on my face
on a plate
on the page
on the sofa
on a chair
on a bag
on the river
on a t-shirt
on the ceiling
on a bottle
on a bike
on his foot