Prepositions of Place

By | April 11, 2019

Prepositions of Place

Prepositions of Place

Prepositions of Place

Recently Prepositions of place indicate where something is or where something happens (across, in, inside, on, outside, under).

Examples:

  • The newly built bridge across the river has just collapsed.
  • His alarm clock went off twice and he is still snoring in bed.
  • There was something like a snake or a rope inside the dark cage.
  • There was a big fly on the bull’s nose.
  • I fell asleep while waiting outside the clinic for my turn.

Prepositions of place also tell us the position of something in relation to another with such words as behind, beside, between, in front, and near.

Examples:

  • Behind his farmhouse was a large scary scarecrow.
  • I sat beside a snoring woman in the cinema.
  • There is an awkward gap between her two front teeth.
  • Someone parked a tractor in front of our house.
  • Please don’t come near me; I have a bad cold.
PrepositionUseSentences
abovehigher than sth.The picture hangs above my bed.
acrossfrom one side to the other sideYou mustn’t go across this road here.
There isn’t a bridge across the river.
afterone follows the otherThe cat ran after the dog.
After you.
againstdirected towards sth.The bird flew against the window.
alongin a line; from one point to anotherThey’re walking along the beach.
amongin a groupI like being among people.
aroundin a circular wayWe’re sitting around the campfire.
at*position at a pointI arrived at the meeting.
behindat the back ofOur house is behind the supermarket.
belowlower than sth.Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
besidenext toOur house is beside the supermarket.
betweensth./sb. is on each sideOur house is between the supermarket and the school.
bynearHe lives in the house by the river.
close tonearOur house is close to the supermarket.
downfrom high to lowHe came down the hill.
fromthe place where it startsDo you come from Tokyo?
in front ofthe part that is in the direction it facesOur house is in front of the supermarket.
insideopposite of outsideYou shouldn’t stay inside the castle.
in*place seen in three dimensionsWe slept in the car.
larger areasI was born in England.
intoentering sth.You shouldn’t go into the castle.
nearclose toOur house is near the supermarket.
next tobesideOur house is next to the supermarket.
offaway from sth.The cat jumped off the roof.
on*touches a surfaceThere is a fly on the table.
is seen as a point on a lineWe were on the way from Paris to Rome.
by a lake or seaLondon lies on the Thames.
ontomoving to a placeThe cat jumped onto the roof.
oppositeon the other sideOur house is opposite the supermarket.
out ofleaving sth.The cat jumped out of the window.
outsideopposite of insideCan you wait outside?
overabove sth./sb.The cat jumped over the wall.
pastgoing near sth./sb.Go past the post office.
roundin a circleWe’re sitting round the campfire.
throughgoing from one point to the other pointYou shouldn’t walk through the forest.
totowards sth./sb.I like going to Australia.
Can you come to me?
I’ve never been to Africa.
towardsin the direction of sth.We ran towards the castle.
underbelow sth.The cat is under the table.
upfrom low to highHe went up the hill.

Prepositions of place can be difficult – here’s some help about using ‘at’, ‘in’ and ‘on’ when you’re talking about where things are.

Basics:

If something is contained inside a box or a wide flat area, we use ‘in’:

in the newspaper
in a house
in a cup
in a drawer
in a bottle
in a bag
in bed
in a car
in London
in England
in a book
in a pub
in a field
in the sea
in my stomach
in a river

If something is on a line or a horizontal or vertical surface, we use ‘on’:

on the table

on the wall

on the floor

on the window

on my face

on a plate

on the page

on the sofa

on a chair

on a bag

on the river

on a t-shirt

on the ceiling

on a bottle

on a bike

on his foot